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Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Phase II Study of Onartuzumab Plus Bevacizumab Versus Placebo Plus Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma: Efficacy, Safety, and Hepatocyte Growth Factor and O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase Biomarker Analyses.

Al's Comment:

 Unfortunately, the trial failed to show a benefit.


Posted on: 12/07/2016

J Clin Oncol. 2016 Dec 5:JCO2015647685. [Epub ahead of print]
Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Phase II Study of Onartuzumab Plus Bevacizumab Versus Placebo Plus Bevacizumab in Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma: Efficacy, Safety, and Hepatocyte Growth Factor and O6-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase Biomarker Analyses.
Cloughesy T1, Finocchiaro G1, Belda-Iniesta C1, Recht L1, Brandes AA1, Pineda E1, Mikkelsen T1, Chinot OL1, Balana C1, Macdonald DR1, Westphal M1, Hopkins K1, Weller M1, Bais C1, Sandmann T1, Bruey JM1, Koeppen H1, Liu B1, Verret W1, Phan SC1, Shames DS1.
 
Author information:
1Timothy Cloughesy, University of California, Los Angeles; Lawrence Recht, Stanford Cancer Center, Stanford; Carlos Bais, Thomas Sandmann, Jean-Marie Bruey, Hartmut Koeppen, Bo Liu, Wendy Verret, See-Chun Phan, and David S. Shames, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA; Tom Mikkelsen, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI; Gaetano Finocchiaro, Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milan; Alba A. Brandes, Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale-Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Institute of Neurologic Sciences, Bologna, Italy; Cristóbal Belda-Iniesta, Centro Integral Oncológico Clara Campal, University Hospital HM Sanchinarro, Madrid; Estela Pineda, Hospital Clinic of Barcelona; Carmen Balana, Institut Català d'Oncologia Badalona Hospital Germans Trias I Pujol, Barcelona, Spain; Olivier L. Chinot, Aix-Marseille Université Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Marseille, Marseille, France; David R. Macdonald, London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ontario, Canada; Manfred Westphal, University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany; Kirsten Hopkins, Bristol Haematology and Oncology Centre, Bristol, United Kingdom; and Michael Weller, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
 
Abstract
 
Purpose Bevacizumab regimens are approved for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma in many countries. Aberrant mesenchymal-epithelial transition factor (MET) expression has been reported in glioblastoma and may contribute to bevacizumab resistance. The phase II study GO27819 investigated the monovalent MET inhibitor onartuzumab plus bevacizumab (Ona + Bev) versus placebo plus bevacizumab (Pla + Bev) in recurrent glioblastoma. Methods At first recurrence after chemoradiation, bevacizumab-naïve patients with glioblastoma were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive Ona (15 mg/kg, once every 3 weeks) + Bev (15 mg/kg, once every 3 weeks) or Pla + Bev until disease progression. The primary end point was progression-free survival by response assessment in neuro-oncology criteria. Secondary end points were overall survival, objective response rate, duration of response, and safety. Exploratory biomarker analyses correlated efficacy with expression levels of MET ligand hepatocyte growth factor, O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase promoter methylation, and glioblastoma subtype. Results Among 129 patients enrolled (Ona + Bev, n = 64; Pla + Bev, n = 65), baseline characteristics were balanced. The median progression-free survival was 3.9 months for Ona + Bev versus 2.9 months for Pla + Bev (hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.72 to 1.56; P = .7444). The median overall survival was 8.8 months for Ona + Bev and 12.6 months for Pla + Bev (hazard ratio, 1.45; 95% CI, 0.88 to 2.37; P = .1389). Grade ≥ 3 adverse events were reported in 38.5% of patients who received Ona + Bev and 35.9% of patients who received Pla + Bev. Exploratory biomarker analyses suggested that patients with high expression of hepatocyte growth factor or unmethylated O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase may benefit from Ona + Bev. Conclusion There was no evidence of further clinical benefit with the addition of onartuzumab to bevacizumab compared with bevacizumab plus placebo in unselected patients with recurrent glioblastoma in this phase II study; however, further investigation into biomarker subgroups is warranted.
PMID: 27918718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

 


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