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Phase I/II trial of combination of temozolomide chemotherapy and immunotherapy with fusions of dendritic and glioma cells in patients with glioblastoma.

Al's Comment:

 Excellent results.. in a small group of patients.  Average survival of 30.5 months for newly diagnosed GBM patients is pretty good. More research needs to be done.


Posted on: 10/01/2016

Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2016 Sep 29. [Epub ahead of print]
Phase I/II trial of combination of temozolomide chemotherapy and immunotherapy with fusions of dendritic and glioma cells in patients with glioblastoma.
Akasaki Y1, Kikuchi T2, Homma S2, Koido S3, Ohkusa T3, Tasaki T4, Hayashi K2, Komita H2, Watanabe N5, Suzuki Y5, Yamamoto Y5, Mori R5, Arai T5, Tanaka T5, Joki T5, Yanagisawa T5, Murayama Y5.
 
Author information:
1Department of Neurosurgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan. akasaki@jikei.ac.jp.
2Division of Oncology, Research Center for Medical Science, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.
3Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.
4Division of Blood Transfusion, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.
5Department of Neurosurgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.
 
Abstract
BACKGROUND:
 
This trial was designed to evaluate the safety and clinical responses to a combination of temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy and immunotherapy with fusions of DCs and glioma cells in patients with glioblastoma (GBM).
METHOD:
 
GBM patients were assigned to two groups: a group of recurrent GBMs after failing TMZ-chemotherapy against the initially diagnosed glioma (Group-R) or a group of newly diagnosed GBMs (Group-N). Autologous cultured glioma cells obtained from surgical specimens were fused with autologous DCs using polyethylene glycol. The fusion cells (FC) were inoculated intradermally in the cervical region. Toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) of this trial were evaluated. Expressions of WT-1, gp-100, and MAGE-A3, recognized as chemoresistance-associated peptides (CAP), were confirmed by immunohistochemistry of paraffin-embedded tumor samples. Patient's PBMCs of pre- and post-vaccination were evaluated by tetramer and ELISPOT assays.
RESULTS:
 
FC-immunotherapy was well tolerated in all patients. Medians of PFS and OS of Group-R (n = 10) were 10.3 and 18.0 months, and those of Group-N (n = 22) were 18.3 and 30.5 months, respectively. Up-regulation and/or cytoplasmic accumulation of CAPs was observed in the recurrent tumors of Group-R patients compared with their initially excised tumors. Specific immune responses against CAPs were observed in the tetramer and ELISPOT assays.
CONCLUSIONS:
 
The combination of TMZ-treatment leading to up-regulation and/or cytoplasmic accumulation of CAPs, with FC-immunotherapy as a means of producing specific immunity against CAPs, may safely induce anti-tumor effects in patients with GBM.

 


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