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Tumor treating fields inhibit glioblastoma cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis.

Al's Comment:

 Another abstract on Optune showing a good effect in the test tube.

Posted on: 09/01/2016

Oncotarget. 2016 Aug 18. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.11372. [Epub ahead of print]
Tumor treating fields inhibit glioblastoma cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis.
Kim EH1, Song HS2, Yoo SH1, Yoon M2.
Author information:
1Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Bio-Convergence Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Treatment with alternating electric fields at an intermediate frequency (100-300 kHz), referred to as tumor treating fields (TTF) therapy, inhibits cancer cell proliferation. In the present study, we demonstrated that TTF application suppressed the metastatic potential of U87 and U373 glioblastoma cell lines via the NF-kB, MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Wound-healing and transwell assays showed that TTF suppressed cell migration and invasion compared with controls. Soft agar and three-dimensional culture assays showed that TTF inhibited both anchorage-dependent (cell proliferation) and anchorage-independent (colony formation) GBM cell growth. TTF dysregulated epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-related genes, such as vimentin and E-cadherin, which partially accounted for TTF inhibition of cell migration and invasion. We further demonstrated that TTF application suppressed angiogenesis by downregulating VEGF, HIF1α and matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9. TTF also inhibited NF-kB transcriptional activity. Collectively, our findings show that TTF represents a promising novel anti-invasion and anti-angiogenesis therapeutic strategy for use in GBM patients.


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