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Why dapsone stops seizures and may stop neutrophils` delivery of VEGF to glioblastoma.

Posted on: 05/16/2012

Br J Neurosurg. 2012 May 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Why dapsone stops seizures and may stop neutrophils' delivery of VEGF to glioblastoma.

Kast RE, Lefranc F, Karpel-Massler G, Halatsch ME.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont , 22 Church Street, Burlington, VT , USA.

Lopez-Gomez et al. recently published remarkable but mechanistically unexplained empirical evidence that the old antibiotic dapsone has antiepileptic activity. We addressed the question "Why should a sulfone antibiotic reduce seizures?". We report here our conclusions based on data from past studies that seizures are associated with elevated interleukin-8 (IL-8) and that dapsone inhibits IL-8 release and function in several different clinical and experimental contexts. Diverse CNS insults cause an increase in CNS IL-8. Thus, the pro-inflammatory environment generated by increase IL-8 leads to a lower seizure threshold. Together this evidence indicates dapsone exerts anti-seizure activity by diminishing IL-8 signalling. Since IL-8 is clearly upregulated in glioblastoma and contributes to the florid angiogenesis of that disease, and since interference with IL-8 function has been shown to inhibit glioblastoma invasion and growth in several experimental models, and dapsone has been repeatedly been shown to clinically inhibit IL-8 function when used to treat human neutrophilic dermatoses, we believe that dapsone thereby reduces seizures by countering IL-8 function and may similarly retard glioblastoma growth by such anti-IL-8 function.

PMID: 22551309 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]


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