A multicenter phase I trial of combination therapy with interferon-ß and temozolomide for high-grade gliomas (INTEGRA study): the final report.
Posted on: 02/22/2011
J Neurooncol. 2011 Feb 14. [Epub ahead of print]
A multicenter phase I trial of combination therapy with interferon-β and temozolomide for high-grade gliomas (INTEGRA study): the final report.
Wakabayashi T, Kayama T, Nishikawa R, Takahashi H, Hashimoto N, Takahashi J, Aoki T, Sugiyama K, Ogura M, Natsume A, Yoshida J.
Department of Neurosurgery, Nagoya University School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.
Our previous study demonstrated that interferon-β markedly enhanced chemosensitivity to temozolomide; one of the major mechanisms is downregulation of O(6)-methylguanine DNA-methyltransferase transcription via p53 induction. This effect was also observed in an experimental animal model. The results of these studies suggest that compared to temozolomide-based chemotherapy performed concomitantly with radiotherapy, chemotherapy with interferon-β and temozolomide and concomitant radiotherapy might further improve the clinical outcomes of patients with malignant gliomas. A multicenter phase I clinical trial-the Integrated Japanese Multicenter Clinical Trial: a Phase I Study of Interferon-β and Temozolomide for Glioma in Combination with Radiotherapy (INTEGRA Study)-was conducted in patients with high-grade gliomas in order to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and preliminary clinical effectiveness of combination therapy with interferon-β and temozolomide. The primary endpoint was the incidence of adverse events. The exploratory endpoints were progression-free survival time and overall survival time. The study population comprised 16 patients with newly diagnosed and 7 patients with recurrent high-grade gliomas. Grades 3-4 leukocytopenia and neutropenia were observed in 6.7 and 13.3% of patients, respectively. Overall, 40% of patients showed an objective response to therapy. In patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma, the median overall survival time was 17.1 months and the rate of 1-year progression-free survival was 50%. We conclude that this regimen is safe and well tolerated and may prolong survival of patients with glioblastoma. A phase II clinical study is essential to corroborate our findings.
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