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A novel lipoxygenase inhibitor Nordy attenuates malignant human glioma cell responses to chemotactic and growth stimulating factors.


Posted on: 04/18/2007

J Neurooncol. 2007 Mar 22; [Epub ahead of print] Related Articles


A novel lipoxygenase inhibitor Nordy attenuates malignant human glioma cell responses to chemotactic and growth stimulating factors.

Chen JH, Yao XH, Gong W, Hu J, Zhou XD, Chen K, Liu H, Ping YF, Wang JM, Bian XW.

Institute of Pathology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, 400038, China, bianxiuwu@263.net.

Nordy is a chiral compound synthesized based on the structu re of a natural lipoxygenase (LO) inhibitor nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) from plants. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of Nordy on malignant human glioma cell responses to chemoattractants and growth promoting signals. We found that Nordy, in a non-cytotoxic concentration range, potently inhibited the chemotaxis and calcium flux of a human glioblastoma cell line U87 induced by a formylpeptide receptor (FPR) agonist, formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). U87 cells treated by Nordy also showed a significantly impaired proliferation and expression of mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induced by fMLF. The chemotactic and proliferation responses of Nordy treated U87 cells to EGF were concomitantly diminished. Further experiments revealed that Nordy did not significantly affect FPR gene expression in U87 cells, but attenuated the activation of a plethora of signaling molecules including ERK1/2, p38, JNK, and Akt when the cells were stimulated by fMLF. EGF-induced EGF receptor phosphorylation was also inhibited in Nordy-treated U87 cells. Moreover, Nordy significantly reduced the tumorigenicity of U87 cells in nude mice. Our results suggest that Nordy is capable of inhibiting glioma cell responses to signals that promote cell motility, growth and production of VEGF. Thus, Nordy may constitute a molecular basis for the development of novel anti-cancer drugs.

PMID: 17377739 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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