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Phase II trial of radiotherapy after hyperbaric oxygenation with chemotherapy for high-grade gliomas.

Posted on: 11/22/2006

Br J Cancer. 2006 Oct 9;95(7):862-8. Epub 2006 Sep 5. Related Articles, Links

Phase II trial of radiotherapy after hyperbaric oxygenation with chemotherapy for high-grade gliomas.

Ogawa K, Yoshii Y, Inoue O, Toita T, Saito A, Kakinohana Y, Adachi G, Iraha S, Tamaki W, Sugimoto K, Hyodo A, Murayama S.

Department of Radiology, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, and Department of Radiology, Naha City Hospital, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

We conducted a phase II trial to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of radiotherapy immediately after hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO) with chemotherapy in adults with high-grade gliomas. Patients with histologically confirmed high-grade gliomas were administered radiotherapy in daily 2 Gy fractions for 5 consecutive days per week up to a total dose of 60 Gy. Each fraction was administered immediately after HBO with the period of time from completion of decompression to irradiation being less than 15 min. Chemotherapy consisted of procarbazine, nimustine (ACNU) and vincristine and was administered during and after radiotherapy. A total of 41 patients (31 patients with glioblastoma and 10 patients with grade 3 gliomas) were enrolled. All 41 patients were able to complete a total radiotherapy dose of 60 Gy immediately after HBO with one course of concurrent chemotherapy. Of 30 assessable patients, 17 (57%) had an objective response including four CR and 13 PR. The median time to progression and the median survival time in glioblastoma patients were 12.3 months and 17.3 months, respectively. On univariate analysis, histologic grade (P=0.0001) and Karnofsky performance status (P=0.036) had a significant impact on survival, and on multivariate analysis, histologic grade alone was a significant prognostic factor for survival (P=0.001). Although grade 4 leukopenia and grade 4 thrombocytopenia occurred in 10 and 7% of all patients, respectively, these were transient with no patients developing neutropenic fever or intracranial haemorrhage. No serious nonhaematological or late toxicities were seen. These results indicated that radiotherapy delivered immediately after HBO with chemotherapy was safe with virtually no late toxicity in patients with high-grade gliomas. Further studies are required to strictly evaluate the effectiveness of radiotherapy after HBO for these tumours.

Publication Types:
PMID: 16953239 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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