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|NCT02179515 : Safety and Tolerability of a Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA)-Based Vaccine Modified to Express Brachyury and T-cell Costimulatory Molecules (MVA-Brachyury-TRICOM)|
|Ages||Min: 18 Years Max: N/A|
- INCLUSION CRITERIA:
1. Patients must have a metastatic or unresectable locally advanced malignant solid
tumor, histologically confirmed by the Laboratory of Pathology, NCI. In the case of
chordoma, unresectable, locally recurrent, or metastatic tumors are acceptable for
enrollment, given that this represents incurable disease. Efforts will be made, as
much as possible, to enroll patients with tumor types with known increased expression
of brachyury (such as lung, breast, ovarian, prostate, colorectal, pancreatic, or
chordoma; other tumors may be included as data on the level of brachyury in those
tumors becomes available).
2. Patients may have measurable or nonmeasurable but evaluable disease. Patients with
surgically resected metastatic disease at high risk of relapse are also eligible.
3. Prior therapy: Patients must have completed or had disease progression on at least
one prior line of disease-appropriate therapy for metastatic disease, or not be
candidates for therapy of proven efficacy for their disease.
4. There should be a minimum of 4 weeks from any prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy
and/or radiation, with the exception of hormonal therapy for prostate and breast
cancers, HER2-directed therapy for HER2+ breast cancer (3+ IHC or FISH+), and
erlotinib in EGFR-mutated lung cancer in the expansion cohort as detailed in section.
There should be a minimum of 6 weeks from any prior antibody therapies, (such as
ipilimumab or anti-PD1/PDL1) due to prolonged half-life.
5. Patients must have recovered (grade 1 or baseline) from any clinically significant
toxicity associated with prior therapy. Typically, this is 3 4 weeks for patients
who most recently received cytotoxic therapy, except for the nitrosoureas and
mitomycin C, for which 6 weeks is needed for recovery.
6. Age greater than or equal to 18 years. Because no dosing or adverse event data are
currently available on the use of MVA-brachyury-TRICOM vaccine in patients < 18
years of age, children are excluded from this study but will be eligible for future
7. ECOG performance status less than or equal to 1 (Karnofsky greater than or equal to
8. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:
- Serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal OR creatinine
clearance on a 24-h urine collection of greater than or equal to 50 mL/min.
- ALT and AST less than or equal to 3 x the upper limits of normal.
- Total bilirubin less than or equal to 1.5 x upper limit of normal OR in patients
with Gilbert s syndrome, a total bilirubin less than or equal to 3.0.
- Hematological eligibility parameters (within 16 days of starting therapy):
- Granulocyte count greater than or equal to 1,500/mm^3
- Platelet count greater than or equal to 100,000/mm^3
9. Patients must have baseline pulse oximetry > 90% on room air.
10. The effects of MVA-brachyury-TRICOM on the developing human fetus are unknown. For
this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate
contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to
study entry and for the duration of study participation and for a period of 4 months
after the last vaccination therapy. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is
pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform
her treating physician immediately.
11. Patients with prostate cancer must continue to receive GnRH agonist therapy (unless
orchiectomy has been done). If a patient has refused GnRH therapy, they may be
enrolled on a dose level for which the safety has already been determined.
Patients must be able to understand and be willing to sign a written informed consent
(Expansion Phase Only)
The following inclusion criteria apply specifically to patients being considered for the
expansion phase of the protocol.
1. Subjects with EGFR-mutated lung cancer may continue erlotinib if they have been on
the drug for greater than or equal to 3 months with stable disease or a response.
Erlotinib may also be continued in the case of a progressing tumor after prior
response (or > 6 months stable disease).
2. Patients with ER+ breast cancer being treated with hormonal therapy (selective
estrogen receptor modulator or aromatase inhibitor) who have rising tumor markers as
evidence of disease progression or metastatic disease on scans may continue on
hormonal therapy while being treated with vaccine.
3. Patients with Her2+ breast cancer receiving Her2-directed therapy (e.g. transtuzumab)
may continue on that therapy when enrolling into a dose level for which safety has
4. Subjects with metastatic colorectal cancer may continue "mainenance" therapy with
capecitabine and/or bevacizumab.
1. Concurrent treatment for cancer, with specific exceptions noted in inclusion
2. Chronic hepatitis B or C infection, because potential immune impairment caused by
these disorders may diminish the effectiveness of this immunologic therapy.
3. Any significant disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, may impair the
patient s tolerance of study treatment.
4. Significant dementia, altered mental status, or any psychiatric condition that would
prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent.
5. Active autoimmune diseases requiring treatment or a history of autoimmune disease
that might be stimulated by vaccine treatment. This requirement is due to the
potential risks of exacerbating autoimmunity. However, patients with vitiligo or
clinically stable autoimmune endocrine disease who are on appropriate replacement
therapy (if such therapy is indicated) are eligible.
6. Concurrent use of systemic steroids, except for physiologic doses of systemic steroid
replacement or local (topical, nasal, or inhaled) steroid use. Limited pharmacologic
doses of systemic steroids (e.g., in patients with exacerbations of reactive airway
disease or to prevent I.V. contrast allergic reaction or anaphylaxis in patients who
have known contrast allergies) are allowed.
7. Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents within 28 days before
start of study treatment.
8. Patients with untreated central nervous system metastases or local treatment of brain
metastases within the last 6 months. Patients with stable brain metastasis for 6
months post-intervention are eligible. Subjects with chordoma will be eligible
regardless of site of disease if other eligibility criteria are met.
9. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to MVA-brachyury-TRICOM or other agents used in study.
10. Serious or uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing
or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris,
cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that, in the opinion of
the investigator, would limit compliance with study requirements.
11. Pregnant women are excluded from this study due to the unknown effects of the
MVAbrachyury-TRICOM vaccine on the fetus or infant. Because there is an unknown but
potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the
mother with MVA-brachyury-TRICOM, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother
is treated with MVA-brachyury-TRICOM. These potential risks may also apply to other
agents used in this study.
12. HIV-positive patients are ineligible because of the potential for decreased immune
response to the vaccine.
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